View Of Prado Promenade, The Central Park And Capitol In La Habana

Actively Discover Cuba in 2024, Cycling Touring in Havana

Pedal Through History: Cycling Touring and Historical Landmarks in Cuba, Part 1 – Havana

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Cuba, a Caribbean island nation (technically an archipelagos with some over 4000 islands of all sizes divided into 4 groups), known for its vibrant culture, rich history, and stunning landscapes, offers a unique opportunity for travelers to explore its historical landmarks on two wheels. In this cycling tour series, we’ll delve into the heart of Cuba, starting with its capital city, La Habana, Cycling Touring in Havana. Join us as we pedal through time, uncovering the tales behind each landmark and discovering the beauty of Cuba’s past.


Cuba’s allure extends beyond its pristine beaches and lively music; it’s a country deeply rooted in history, marked by a unique blend of indigenous, Spanish, and African influences. Embarking on a cycling tour through its historical landmarks allows adventurers to immerse themselves in the captivating narratives that have shaped Cuba into the nation it is today. As Fernando Ortiz once pointed out, Cubania, the Cuban cultural identity, is an “ajiaco”, a true cultural melting pot.

Cycling in Cuba: A Unique Experience

Before we embark on our journey through La Habana’s historical landmarks, let’s take a moment to appreciate the unique experience of cycling in Cuba. The island’s diverse topography, from lush valleys to coastal roads, offers a varied terrain for cyclists of all levels. The warmth of the Cuban people and their penchant for hospitality make it a cyclist’s paradise, as you’re welcomed with smiles and waves along the way. On two wheels, you can experience the ultimate way to embrace the real Cuba and experience the Cuban way of life.

La Habana: A City Frozen in Time

Our cycling adventure begins in the heart of Cuba, in the enchanting capital city of La Habana. It just turned 504 years old, only few days ago. Declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982, La Habana boasts a wealth of historical landmarks that tell the story of its tumultuous past and resilient spirit. All this makes La Habana such an Eclectic destination, where you can trace cultural evolution and movements through architectural manifestations from the 16th century to the date.

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1. El Capitolio

Our first stop is the iconic El Capitolio, a neoclassical masterpiece that once housed the Cuban Congress. Built in the 1920s, as part of the works done to get the city ready for the 1928 Pan American Conference, its architecture is reminiscent of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C. Cyclists can park their bikes and take a guided tour through the majestic halls, learning about Cuba’s political history and the significant events that unfolded within these walls.

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2. Old Havana (Habana Vieja)

As we pedal through Old Havana, a UNESCO-protected area, the city unfolds like a living museum. Colonial-era buildings, like the massive defensive system built during centuries, from 1555 to the 1800s, vibrant cobblestone plazas, and charming cafes line the streets, offering cyclists a glimpse into the city’s Spanish colonial past. Stop at Plaza de la Catedral, dominated by the stunning Cathedral of Havana from the late 1770s, a prime example of Cuban Baroque architecture.

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3. Malecón

The rhythmic sound of waves crashing against the seawall accompanies cyclists along Malecón, a picturesque esplanade that stretches for 8 kilometers along the Havana coastline, connecting the Old Town with the more “modern” 1940s neighborhoods of Vedado and Miramar. As you pedal, take in panoramic views of the city and the historic Morro Castle. Malecón comes alive in the evenings with locals and musicians, providing a perfect spot to rest and soak in the vibrant Cuban atmosphere.

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4. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes

Art enthusiasts will find solace in a visit to the Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, housing an extensive collection of Cuban art spanning centuries. From colonial-era portraits to contemporary masterpieces, the museum offers a visual journey through Cuba’s artistic evolution. Secure your bike and explore the galleries, where each brushstroke tells a tale of cultural expression.

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5. Gran Teatro de La Habana Alicia Alonso

Another iconic building, located right next to the Capitol is Alicia Alonso Great Theater of Havana. This is the home of the National Bellet founded, in its most recent format, and directed by Cuba’s Prima Ballerina, Alicia Alonso. This building whose ground floor was originally in the 1830s, as a request by the Captain General of Cuba Miguel de Tacon, but redesigned and upgraded by Paul Beleu in the early 1900s is Cuba’s most exquisite example of Neo-Baroque.

Cuba’s Cycling Culture: A Brief Insight

Before we continue our tour of La Habana’s historical landmarks, let’s take a moment to appreciate Cuba’s cycling culture. Bicycles are not merely a mode of transportation; they are a symbol of resourcefulness and resilience. In the face of economic challenges, Cubans have embraced cycling as a sustainable and practical means of getting around. Observing the locals pedal through the streets provides a glimpse into the everyday lives of the Cuban people.

Cultural Immersion: Sampling Cuban Cuisine

No journey is complete without savoring the local cuisine. As you explore La Habana on your bicycle, make pit stops at local eateries to indulge in authentic Cuban dishes. From hearty black bean soups to succulent Ropa Vieja (shredded beef), the flavors of Cuba are as diverse as its history. Engage with locals, learn about their culinary traditions, and recharge for the next leg of your cycling adventure.

Beyond the Beaten Path: Exploring Hidden Gems

While La Habana’s well-known landmarks offer a captivating journey through history, exploring off-the-beaten-path destinations adds an element of discovery to your cycling tour.

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1. Fusterlandia

Venture beyond the traditional tourist spots to Fusterlandia, a vibrant and eclectic neighborhood in the outskirts of Havana. Decorated with colorful mosaics and sculptures created by artist José Fuster, this community project transforms the area into a surreal, artistic wonderland. Park your bike and wander through the narrow streets adorned with imaginative artwork.

2. Necropolis Cristóbal Colón

Cycling through the streets of Havana, you may come across the monumental Necropolis Cristóbal Colón, one of the most elaborate cemeteries in the Americas. Take a moment to explore its labyrinthine paths and marvel at the intricate mausoleums, sculptures, and memorials. This cemetery is not only a resting place for the departed but also a testament to Cuba’s rich cultural and religious diversity.

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Practical Tips for Cyclists

As you pedal through La Habana’s historical landmarks, it’s essential to keep a few practical tips in mind to ensure a smooth and enjoyable journey.

1. Weather Awareness

Cuba’s tropical climate can be both a blessing and a challenge for cyclists. While the warm temperatures and gentle breezes make for pleasant riding conditions, it’s crucial to stay hydrated and protect yourself from the sun. Carry sufficient water, sunscreen, and lightweight clothing to stay comfortable throughout your journey.

2. Local Etiquette

Cubans are known for their warmth and friendliness, and this extends to their interactions with cyclists. Embrace the local etiquette by exchanging greetings with fellow riders and pedestrians. Don’t be surprised if locals strike up conversations or offer recommendations for hidden gems along your route.

3. Safety Measures

Prioritize safety by adhering to traffic rules and wearing protective gear, including helmets. Keep your bike in good condition and carry basic tools for any necessary repairs. Familiarize yourself with the local traffic patterns, and exercise caution when navigating busy streets.


As our cycling tour through La Habana unfolds, each pedal stroke reveals a layer of Cuba’s intricate history and vibrant culture. From the grandeur of El Capitolio to the artistic marvels of Fusterlandia, every landmark tells a story that adds to the tapestry of this captivating nation. Stay tuned for the next installment of Pedal Through History as we explore more of Cuba’s historical treasures on two wheels. In Part 2, we’ll venture beyond the capital city, discovering the hidden gems that await cyclists in Cuba’s diverse landscapes. Until then, may your wheels keep turning and your curiosity guide the way. ¡Vamos a pedalear por la historia! (Let’s pedal through history!)

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I'm Lismar Junquera, a Cuban, from La Habana. I founded Cuba Cycling Adventure aiming at fostering the love for Cycling, and sharing the beauty of my country, while supporting my country people, so they can build a better future. Come and Ride with us!
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